India’s first framework for air quality forecasting, SAFAR, accepted globally: project manager

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Strong points
  • India has 132 unreached cities: MoEFCC
  • Six components make up the SAFAR framework
  • Local urban organizations can issue health advisories in a timely manner using the SAFAR framework

New Delhi: India’s first official framework for air quality forecasting, SAFAR, has gained international acceptance and the peer-reviewed journal Elsevier has published its findings, said founding project director on Dr Gufran Beig, Wednesday September 22. The framework, mandated by the National Clean Air Program (NCAP) and developed by the Ministry of Earth Sciences, is used to forecast air quality in Delhi, Mumbai, Pune and Ahmedabad.

Read also: Delhi government bans storage, sale and use of firecrackers during Diwali

The results of the framework incorporated in a research paper – “India’s First Air Quality Forecasting Framework for Megacities of Divergent Environments: The SAFAR Project” – were published online in the international journal Elsevier “Environmental Modeling and Software” Tuesday. The Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM-Pune) led the research in association with the Indian Meteorological Department and Utkal University of Bhubaneshwar.

Research has shown that transportation is the most important source of PM2.5 emissions. It accounts for 41% of PM2.5 pollution in Delhi, 40% in Pune, 35% in Ahmedabad and 31% in Mumbai. “The share of biofuel emissions is highest in Mumbai (15.5%), followed by Pune (11.4%), Ahmedabad (10.2%) and Delhi (3%),” he said. declared.

We have chosen to demonstrate the SAFAR framework in four different and contrasting microclimates of Indian cities – Delhi, Mumbai, Pune and Ahmedabad. The prototype can be expanded to the remaining 128 cities in India, in line with the NCAP commitment, Dr Beig said.

NCAP aims to reduce particulate matter (PM) concentrations by 20-30% by 2024, keeping 2017 as the base year. India has 132 non-compliant cities that do not meet the air quality standards prescribed by the Union Ministry of Environment.

The SAFAR framework is a unique solution for air quality management leading to mitigation, and also helps formulate micro-specific aerial action plans based on solid science, Dr Beig said.

Six components make up the SAFAR framework: Observation network for atmospheric pollution and meteorological parameters, Quality control and quality assurance, Emissions inventory: To monitor the sources of pollution; SAFAR-Model for forecasting air quality and weather, converting data into information: the AQI concept, and technology and awareness for product development and dissemination.

Now that India has its own air quality framework, the credibility of which is undoubtedly proven, we must take advantage of this to become self-sufficient in replicating in other cities as originally planned in the document of the NCAP plan rather than borrowing a foreign framework with a cost, Dr. Beig said.

Through this, all local urban agencies can issue timely health advisories to alert citizens to ‘bad air’ days, which will help save vulnerable groups from the severe health effects of air pollution. added the senior scientist.

Read also: In fight against air pollution, Delhi government installs smog tower in Connaught Place

(Except for the title, this story was not edited by NDTV staff and is posted from a syndicated feed.)

NDTV Campaign – Dettol Banega Swasth India is an extension of the Banega Swachh India initiative launched five years ago and led by Campaign Ambassador Amitabh Bachchan. It aims to raise awareness of the critical health issues facing the country. In the wake of the current Covid-19 pandemic, the need for WASH (The water, Sanitation and Hygiene) is reaffirmed as hand washing is one of the ways to prevent infection with coronavirus and other illnesses. The campaign highlights the importance of nutrition and health care for women and children to prevent maternal and child mortality, fight malnutrition, stunting, wasting, anemia and disease prevention with vaccines. The importance of programs such as the Public Distribution System (PDS), Midday Meal Program, POSHAN Abhiyan and the role of Aganwadis and ASHA workers are also covered. Only a Swachh or a clean India where bathroom are used and without open defecation (ODF) status obtained under the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2014, can eradicate diseases like Diahorea and become a healthy Swasth or India. The campaign will continue to cover issues such as air pollution, Waste Management, plastic ban, manual sweep and sanitation workers and menstrual hygiene.

World

23.00,65,708Case

19.25,31,777active

3 28 15 731Restored

47 18 200Deaths

The coronavirus has spread to 195 countries. The total number of confirmed cases worldwide is 23.00,65,708 and 47 18 200 is dead; 19.25,31,777 are active cases and 3 28 15 731 recovered on September 23, 2021 at 3:36 a.m.

India

3.35.63.421 31 923Case

3.01.640349active

3 28 15 731 31 990Restored

4,46,050 282Deaths

In India, there are 3.35.63.421 confirmed cases, including 4,46,050 deaths. The number of active cases is 3.01.640 and 3 28 15 731 recovered on September 23, 2021 at 2:30 a.m.

Status details

State Case active Restored Deaths
Maharashtra

65,31,237 3,608

43 544 725

63 49 029 4 285

1,38,664 48

Kerala

45,59,601 19 675

1,61,596 169

43 73 966 19,702

24,039 142

Karnataka

29,70,208 847

13,650 119

29,18,890 946

37 668 20

Tamil Nadu

26,50,370 1,682

17,027 34

25 97 943 1,627

35,400 21

Andhra Pradesh

20,42,073 1,365

13,796 109

20,14,180 1,466

14,097 8

Uttar pradesh

17 09 708 15

196 2

16.86,624 12

22 888 1

West Bengal

15 63 393 683

7 724 17

15,36,978 687

18,691 13

Delhi

14 38 586 30

411 11

14 13 090 19

25 085

Odisha

10 21 950 734

5.129 285

10.08.671 445

8,150 4

Chhattisgarh

10.05.146 26

300 3

9.91.283 23

13 563

Rajasthan

9.54,282 7

98 1

9.45.230 8

8 954

Gujarat

8 25 771 20

133 0

8 15 556 20

10 082

Madhya Pradesh

7,92,422 12

90 0

7 81 815 12

10,517

Haryana

7.70.770 16

332 4

7.60.629 11

9,809 1

Bihar

7.25.918 11

60 0

7.16,199 11

9 659

Telangana

6,64,164 258

4,946 8

6.55.310 249

3,908 1

Punjab

6.01.401 42

324 20

5 84 576 22

16,501

Assam

5,99,271 407

4 880 201

5 88 574 604

5 817 4

Jharkhand

3.48.146 7

63 2

3.42.950 9

5,133

Uttarakhand

3 43 428 23

256 7

3 35 781 16

7,391

Jammu and Kashmir

3 28 418 204

1,536 86

3,22,463 118

4,419

Himachal Pradesh

2 17 615 212

1,823 108

2,12,133 100

3,659 4

Goa

1 75 792 102

950 64

1 71 545 38

3 297

Pondicherry

1 25 735 117

945 23

1.22.956 92

1,834 2

Manipur

1 19 041 171

2,214 40

1 14 991 130

1,836 1

Mizoram

84 109 1,294

15 638 275

68,199 1,015

272 4

Tripura

83,981 25

346 7

82 825 31

810 1

Meghalaya

79,983 166

1,868 ten

76,730 172

1,385 4

Chandigarh

65 201 6

44 0

64 338 5

819 1

Arunachal Pradesh

54,241 51

442 29

53,526 22

273

Sikkim

31,074 60

642 15

30,051 44

381 1

Nagaland

30,990 31

459 11

29,873 41

658 1

Ladakh

20,750 7

148 4

20,395 3

207

Dadra and Nagar Haveli

10 670

0 0

10 666

4

Lakshadweep

10 361 1

ten 1

10,300

51

Andaman and Nicobar Islands

7 615 8

20 3

7 466 5

129


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